encode_audio.c
/*
* copyright (c) 2001 Fabrice Bellard
*
* This file is part of Libav.
*
* Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
/* check that a given sample format is supported by the encoder */
static int check_sample_fmt(const AVCodec *codec, enum AVSampleFormat sample_fmt)
{
const enum AVSampleFormat *p = codec->sample_fmts;
while (*p != AV_SAMPLE_FMT_NONE) {
if (*p == sample_fmt)
return 1;
p++;
}
return 0;
}
/* just pick the highest supported samplerate */
static int select_sample_rate(const AVCodec *codec)
{
const int *p;
int best_samplerate = 0;
if (!codec->supported_samplerates)
return 44100;
while (*p) {
best_samplerate = FFMAX(*p, best_samplerate);
p++;
}
return best_samplerate;
}
/* select layout with the highest channel count */
static int select_channel_layout(const AVCodec *codec)
{
const uint64_t *p;
uint64_t best_ch_layout = 0;
int best_nb_channels = 0;
if (!codec->channel_layouts)
p = codec->channel_layouts;
while (*p) {
int nb_channels = av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(*p);
if (nb_channels > best_nb_channels) {
best_ch_layout = *p;
best_nb_channels = nb_channels;
}
p++;
}
return best_ch_layout;
}
static void encode(AVCodecContext *ctx, AVFrame *frame, AVPacket *pkt,
FILE *output)
{
int ret;
/* send the frame for encoding */
ret = avcodec_send_frame(ctx, frame);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "error sending the frame to the encoder\n");
exit(1);
}
/* read all the available output packets (in general there may be any
* number of them */
while (ret >= 0) {
ret = avcodec_receive_packet(ctx, pkt);
if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN) || ret == AVERROR_EOF)
return;
else if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "error encoding audio frame\n");
exit(1);
}
fwrite(pkt->data, 1, pkt->size, output);
}
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
const char *filename;
const AVCodec *codec;
AVCodecContext *c= NULL;
AVFrame *frame;
AVPacket *pkt;
int i, j, k, ret;
FILE *f;
uint16_t *samples;
float t, tincr;
if (argc <= 1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <output file>\n", argv[0]);
return 0;
}
filename = argv[1];
/* register all the codecs */
/* find the MP2 encoder */
if (!codec) {
fprintf(stderr, "codec not found\n");
exit(1);
}
/* put sample parameters */
c->bit_rate = 64000;
/* check that the encoder supports s16 pcm input */
if (!check_sample_fmt(codec, c->sample_fmt)) {
fprintf(stderr, "encoder does not support %s",
exit(1);
}
/* select other audio parameters supported by the encoder */
/* open it */
if (avcodec_open2(c, codec, NULL) < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open codec\n");
exit(1);
}
f = fopen(filename, "wb");
if (!f) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not open %s\n", filename);
exit(1);
}
/* packet for holding encoded output */
pkt = av_packet_alloc();
if (!pkt) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not allocate the packet\n");
exit(1);
}
/* frame containing input raw audio */
frame = av_frame_alloc();
if (!frame) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not allocate audio frame\n");
exit(1);
}
frame->nb_samples = c->frame_size;
frame->format = c->sample_fmt;
/* allocate the data buffers */
ret = av_frame_get_buffer(frame, 0);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "could not allocate audio data buffers\n");
exit(1);
}
/* encode a single tone sound */
t = 0;
tincr = 2 * M_PI * 440.0 / c->sample_rate;
for(i=0;i<200;i++) {
/* make sure the frame is writable -- makes a copy if the encoder
* kept a reference internally */
ret = av_frame_make_writable(frame);
if (ret < 0)
exit(1);
samples = (uint16_t*)frame->data[0];
for (j = 0; j < c->frame_size; j++) {
samples[2*j] = (int)(sin(t) * 10000);
for (k = 1; k < c->channels; k++)
samples[2*j + k] = samples[2*j];
t += tincr;
}
encode(c, frame, pkt, f);
}
/* flush the encoder */
encode(c, NULL, pkt, f);
fclose(f);
av_frame_free(&frame);
}